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January 23 Release of Open-Archive-Creating Software Stevan Harnad 23 Jan 2001 19:50 UTC

This is to announce that, to coincide with today's Open Meeting in
Washington to announce the release of OAI 1.0:

we have simultaneously released the OAI 1.0-compliant version of the archive-creating software Eprints Version 1.1.1

The eprints software (originally created by Matt Hemus as CogPrints
<>, and then extensively re-designed for
OA-compliance and generality by Robert Tansley, and recently upgraded
to OAI 1.0 by Chris Gutteridge, all at Southampton University) has been
made as flexible and adaptable as possible, so that all universities
and research institutions can immediately adopt and configure it with
minimal effort for all disciplines. Hence it complements centralised,
discipline-based archiving with distributed, institution-based

The generic version of eprints is fully interoperable with all other
OAI-compliant Open Archives. This means that it no longer matters where
papers are archived: The papers in all OAI-compliant Archives can be
harvested using the OAI protocol
into one global "virtual archive" by Open Archives Service Providers
such as the Cross Archive Searching Service

Below are the most recent features, followed by a testimonial from
California Digital Libraries, one of the early adopters of the software, and some relevant chronology and URLs/

Note that all existing Eprints Archives can be upgraded to OAI
1.0-compliance with the new release. The software is free and will
shortly be open-sourced.


    How and Why to Free the Scholarly and Scientific Research
    Literature Online Through Author/Institution Self-Archiving

Stevan Harnad


    New features should be regarded as stable; they have been well
    tested but they have not yet been extensively tested "in the

    Key Upgrades include:
        OAI 1.0 compliance
        support for MySQL not running on localhost
        support for multiple instances of eprints running on
                one mod_perl/apache server (1.0 claimed to do this
                but had some problems)
        new datafield "username" representing users to associate
                the item with.

        mod_perl namespace collisions with multiple eprints (mentioned
        removed GNU-only command options from installation scripts.

    Please remember to use the online bug tracking system for reporting

    Note the new logo (symbolic of piecing together the global Eprint Archive
    out of the individual OAI-compliant ones)

---------- Forwarded message ----------
Date: Thu, 18 Jan 2001 21:06:41 +0800
From: Catherine Candee <>
To: Stevan Harnad <>
Subject: ePrints and eScholarship


Though we haven't met, I wanted to write you personally to thank you for
making ePrints available. Your software is a major contribution to our
mutual effort to transform the scholarly communication cycle. I am the CDL
director responsible for the eScholarship program, where we are making good
use of ePrints. Our repositories provide the foundation of the eScholarship

We are providing the first three repositories to scholars in International
and Area Studies, Dermatology, and Tobacco Control Research beginning
tomorrow, Jan 19, 2001. We expect we will have some interesting findings
as they begin to actively test and use these prototype repositories. We
have some models for how the repositories will logically fit together with
the kind of wider sphere of surrounding scholarly products we envision
(e.g., DOJ as overlay journal), but there are many particular issues still
to be resolved which may have implications for how the software is
developed.  We will try to report as much as we can what we learn in our
experiment with ePrints.

So, on behalf of the eScholarship team and the open archive community, I
thank you for this wonderful piece of code. You will be receiving a more
formal letter tomorrow, addressed to all eScholarship partners and
contributors, which will detail more of the CDL and eScholarship
activities. ePrints will be prominently featured in the letter.

Best regards,
Catherine Candee
Director, Scholarly Communication Initiatives
California Digital Library
University of California
300 Lakeside Drive 6th Floor
Oakland, CA 94612-3550

510.893.5212 (Fax)



    Psycoloquy (Refereed On-Line-Only Journal) (1989)

    "Scholarly Skywriting"  (1990)

    Physics Archive (1991)

    "PostGutenberg Galaxy" (1991)

    "Interactive Publication" (1992)

    Self-Archiving ("Subversive") Proposal (1994)

    "Tragic Loss" (Odlyzko) (1995)

    "Last Writes" (Hibbitts) (1996)

    NCSTRL: Networked Computer Science Technical Reference Library (1996)

    University Provosts' Initiative (1997)

    CogPrints: Cognitive Sciences Archive (1998)

    Journal of High Energy Physics (Refereed On-Line-Only Journal) (1998)

    Science Policy Forum (1998)

    American Scientist Forum (1998)

    OpCit:Open Citation Linking Project (1999)

    E-biomed: Varmus (NIH) Proposal (1999)

    Open Archives Initiative (1999)

    Cross-Archive Searching Service (2000)

    Eprints: Free OAI 1.0-compliant Eprint-Archive-creating software (2001)

    Harnad Home Pages

NOTE: A complete archive of the ongoing discussion of providing free
access to the refereed journal literature online is available at the
American Scientist September Forum (98 & 99 & 00 & 01):

You may join the list at the site above.

Discussion can be posted to: