Re: Evolving Publisher Copyright Policies On Self-Archiving Stevan Harnad 28 Oct 2003 09:56 UTC

> I... checked with one of our editors, and she clarified that it is the
> "accepted" version of the paper that the author is free to post and submit
> to online archives--that's the version after peer review and corrections,
> but before copyediting and formatting by Science staffers. (I agree that
> distinction should be clearer in the guidelines, as I couldn't figure
> it out for myself.)

Unfortunately, as I have not received any reply to my request to post
the above passage officially, I can only post it as an unofficial and
anonymous clarification from someone at AAAS/Science/. However, the news
is good, even though unofficial and unconfirmed. According to this reply,
what AAAS means by "preprint" is the refereed, corrected final
draft (i.e., precisely what Romeo means by "postprint" rather than
"preprint")! So Science should be listed now, along with with Nature, as a
"green" journal and not just a "blue" one. This will need to be clarified
when SHERPA takes over the Romeo Table of Journals' self-archiving

    "SHERPA will take over the Romeo Publisher Policy Table"

(Romeo "blue" journals support the self-archiving of only the unrefereed
preprint, and not the final, refereed, corrected, accepted draft
["postprint"]. Of course the distinction between blue and green is only
a matter of a slight added inconvenience for self-archiving authors. For
green journals, the refereed final draft can be self-archived directly;
for blue journals, the unrefereed preprint must be linked to a separate
"corrections" file. Many of the green journals are more generous still,
and allow authors to self-archive the journal's own PDF or even XML
version. Such publishers are approaching the "gold" status of open-access

Here is a timeline of developments in publisher self-archiving policies
from 1996 to the present: As open-access policies like those in the Berlin
Declaration are implemented by Universities and Research-Funders,
publishers will move from white to blue/green (and some even eventually
to gold) as the demand for open access grows.

    "APA Interim Internet Publishing Policy" (1996)

Relevant prior AmSci Forum threads:

"Science 4 September on Copyright" (1998)

"Nature 10 September on Public Archiving" (1998)

"Chron. High. Ed. 18 September on Cal Tech & Copyright" (1998)

"Elsevier Science Policy on Public Web Archiving Needs Re-Thinking" (1998)

"Academic Press Journal Article Copyright Policy" (1999)

"Copyright FAQ for refereed journal authors" (1999)

"The Copyright Non-Problem and Self-Archiving" (1999)

"Evolving APS Copyright Policy (American Physical Society)" (1999)

"Copyright, Embargo, and the Ingelfinger Rule" (2000)

"Nature's vs. Science's Embargo Policy" (2000)

"Legal ways around copyright for one's own giveaway texts" (2000)

"Authors 'Victorious' in UnCover Copyright Suit" (2000)

"Science Article (Roberts et al.) and Science Editorial" (2001)

"PostGutenberg Copyrights and Wrongs for Give-Away Research" (2001)

"NEJM's New Website and New Policy" (2001)

"Copyright: Form, Content, and Prepublication Incarnations" (2001)

"Clarification of 'parasitism' and copyright" (2002)

"Berkeley Electronic Press's Self-Archiving Policy" (2002)

"Association for Computer Machinery Copyright/Self-Archiving Policy" (2002)

"Interview with Derk Haank, CEO, Elsevier" (2002)

"Evolving Publisher Copyright Policies On Self-Archiving" (2002)

"Open Letter to Philip Campbell, Editor, Nature" (2003)

"Elsevier's self-archiving policy" (2003)

    Harnad, S. (2000) E-Knowledge: Freeing the Refereed
    Journal Corpus Online. Computer Law & Security Report
    16(2) 78-87. [Rebuttal to Bloom Editorial in Science
    and Relman Editorial in New England Journal of Medicine]

    Harnad, S. (2001) AAAS's Response: Too Little, Too Late. Science dEbates
    [online] 2 April 2001.

Stevan Harnad

NOTE: Complete archive of the ongoing discussion of providing open
access to the peer-reviewed research literature online is available at
the American Scientist September Forum (98 & 99 & 00 & 01 & 02 & 03):
    Posted discussion to:

Dual Open-Access Strategy:
    BOAI-2: Publish your article in a suitable open-access journal
            whenever one exists.
    BOAI-1: Otherwise, publish your article in a suitable toll-access
            journal and also self-archive it.